ILOILO — Alma Ravena, the co-chairperson of the Provincial Gender and Development Council, urged the public not to tolerate any forms of violence against women (VAW) in their midst.
Ravena emphasized that VAW is a form of human rights violation and each of us has the responsibility to put an end to it.
“We are expressing our strong commitment to end violence against women and children [and] to never stop finding ways until VAW is eliminated,” she stressed.
During the kick off ceremony of the 18-day Campaign to End VAW in Iloilo, the provincial government placed orange flags in its Capitol grounds to support the nationwide campaign.
It is part of Orange Your Icon for 18 Days, an activity initiated by the Philippine Commission on Women in support to United Nation’s UNite.
It aims to strengthen the anti-VAW advocacy by attracting people’s curiosity on why major landmarks are colored orange.
“Orange flags are dominating our Capitol grounds as we share our sentiments with the world that VAW is not okay,” she added.
Violence against women is an act of gender-based violence that results in or is likely to result in physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering of women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or private life. (UNCEDAW, 1993)
VAW arises from unequal power relations between women and men and become socially acceptable through traditional and cultural beliefs, norms and social institutions.
Gender-based violence is the term used to describe violence that occurs as a result of role expectations associated with women and men, the power relations between them, and specific contexts in their society.
According to the Iloilo Provincial Police Office, a total of 1,156 cases of gender-based related crimes have been filed in various municipal circuit courts here from January to October 2015.
Ninety-three percent (1,047) of the cases pertain to violation of Republic Act 9262 or the Anti-Violence against Women and their Children Act of 2004, while 40 cases involve rape and 45 cases are on the acts of lasciviousness.
“These figures simply tell us that different forms of violence are pervasively experienced by women, especially those who are economically disadvantaged, in their homes, communities and institutions,” said Rosario Panganiban, technical officer of GAD Unit.
The 18-Day Campaign to End VAW here will culminate on December 12 with a forum on violence faced by women and migrant workers at Casa Real Iloilo. JAN
November 25 – walk to end VAW- kick off ceremony
November 25-December 12
December 4- Radio Campaign on 18 day VAW activity
December 9 – Forum on ending violence against women
Focus on discussion of violence faced by women and OFWs
Morning Session: RA 9262 and Anti Rape Law
Afternoon Session:Anti trafficking and violence faced by OFWs
Participants are VAW desk officers
Families of migrant workers and partner agencies.
FORMS of VAW
Hitting with the fist, slapping, kicking different parts of the body, stabbing with a knife, murder, etc.
Psychological and emotional violence
Intimidation, isolation, harassment, stalking, damage to property, public ridicule or humiliation, repeated verbal abuse, marital infidelity, etc.
Withdrawal of financial support or preventing the victim from engaging in any legitimate profession, occupation, business or activity, deprivation of financial resources, controlling financial and use of conjugal money or properties.
Rape, sexual harassment, acts of lasciviousness, treating a woman or a child as sex objects, making sexually suggestive remarks, physically forcing her to watch obscene publications and indecent shows or forcing the wife and mistress/lover to live in conjugal home or sleep together in the same room with the abuser, etc.
Acts of VAW can be committed
At Home like wife battering, incest rape, marital rape, sexual abuse of children, dowry related violence
In the community like rape, sexual abuse, sexual harassment, trafficking of women, prostitution;
Perpetrated or condoned by the State like rape of women prisoners, rape used of weapon of war, female genital mutilation.
2013 National Demographic and health Survey (NDHS)
1 in every five women age 15-49 experienced physical violence since age 15
Six percent experienced physical violence within the 12 months prior to the survey
4% of women age 15-49 reported experiencing violence during pregnancy.
6% of women aged 15-49 experience sexual violence
25% of every-married women age 15-49 experienced emotional, physical, and or sexual violence from their husband; 7% reported having experienced physical or sexual violence in the past 12 months
Among those who experienced physical and or sexual spousal violence in the past 12 months, 68 percent reported experiencing some type of injury.
Only 30% of women who have experienced any type of physical or sexual violence sought assistance to stop violence;
Calendar of Activities